NASA, Nissan aims to commercialize solid-state battery by 2028
- Nissan plans for a pilot production line by fiscal 2024, then start selling solid-state battery-run EVs by fiscal 2028.
- The Japanese automaker revealed its prototype factory for all-solid-state batteries that could be charged three times faster and offer twice the range as earlier models.
- Both Nissan and NASA aim to ditch rare, pricey metals used in solid-state batteries.
- The partnership to use computational materials science to speed development.
Around April 2021, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched a research project called Solid-state Architecture Batteries for Enhanced Rechargeability and Safety (SABERS) to study how to create a safer battery by using brand-new materials and novel construction methods. About a year later, Japanese Automaker Nissan Motor announced that it is collaborating with NASA to commercialize the next-generation battery in electric vehicles (EVs).
For starters, a solid-state battery is often hailed as the “holy grail” for an EV and it has been the target of many automakers, especially those chasing for an EV breakthrough. In fact, a handful of auto giants are working to produce commercially viable solid-state batteries — which would be more stable and faster to charge than the lithium-ion batteries used today.
Now with Nissan and NASA collaboration, it easily places the Japanese automaker as the front-runner now as it is ambitious about commercializing the technology in six years time. Along with University of California San Diego and NASA, Nissan even unveiled its prototype factory for all-solid-state batteries, which the automaker says could revolutionize EVs by charging three times faster and offering twice the range as earlier models.
According to Nissan, the all-solid-state battery will replace the lithium-ion battery now in use for a pilot plant launch in 2024 and a 2028 product launch. “The battery would be stable enough to be used in pacemakers. When finished, it will be about half the size of the current battery and fully charge in 15 minutes instead of a few hours,” said Nissan to a report by CBS News.
That basically means, a solid-state battery-run EV would allow you to drive over 300 miles on one charge and can be completely recharged in just ten minutes. They could also occupy far less physical space. That being said, the race to achieve huge improvements in battery technology is one of the most expensive and hotly contested commodities right now.
The collaboration with NASA and other partners, according to Nissan’s Corporate Vice President Kazuhiro Doi, involves the testing of various materials. Doi even shared that Nissan and NASA are using what’s called the “original material informatics platform,” a computerized database, to test various combinations to see what works best among hundreds of thousands of materials.
The aim is to avoid the use of expensive materials like rare metals needed for lithium-ion batteries. “Both NASA and Nissan need the same kind of battery,” he said. Up till this point, high costs associated with the initial stage development of solid-state batteries have been hindering the commercial viability of the product, reports suggested.
In addition, the growing impact of the pandemic on the market supply chain is expected to further impede market growth. Battery pack manufacturers, electrode material producers, raw material suppliers, and others have suffered a major setback amidst the pandemic and are estimated to take a significant amount of time to recover.
Prior to Nissan and NASA’s collaboration announcement, Japanese rival Toyota Motor Corp has maintained the leading position when it comes to the pursuit of solid-state batteries. Even Volkswagen of Germany and US automakers like Ford Motor Co and General Motors Co are working on all-solid-state batteries.
Despite the competition, Nissan Executive Vice President Kunio Nakaguro said the company is extremely competitive and that the battery it is developing promises to be “a game-changer.”